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A Rare, Endangered and Threatened Species preserved in Pitchandikulam Ethno Medicinal Forest

One of the Rare, Endangered and Threatened (RET) species preserved in the forest.
(Pterocarpus Santalinus)

Ethno Medicinal Forest

Live Hedges preserved in Ethno Medicinal Forest

The Ethno Medicinal Forest is an important component of the Pitchandikulam Medicinal Plant Conservation Park which is an area of 50 acres within the green belt of the Auroville International Community.

Prior to the first planting in 1973 the area was a dry eroded plateau the main vegetation being scattered palmyra trees. Erosion control, watershed management and extensive reforestation work has continued during the last 26 years.

The area has evolved into a self generating forest ecosystem with more than 600 species of plants, a sanctuary for a wide range of fauna. In 1992 Pitchandikulam began its collaboration with the Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT) and has since developed training, documentation and demonstration programs to help with the reestablishment of the TDEF and Local Health Traditions of the region

Some features of the EMF:

  • Stone signages show the different elements of the ecosystem and explain the medicinal uses of individual species and also groups of plants that cure poisonous bites, bone fractures, headaches and stomach problems.

  • Seed collection in Auroville sanctuaries, remnant forests and sacred groves with local people particularly traditional healers.

  • Many of the TDEF species have not been propagated in nurseries before. Various treatments are tried in order to develop standard methods of germination for more than 180 species grown in Pitchandikulam..

  • Live hedges of more than 50 species are grown around the EMF forming a protective, productive edge and providing a fauna habitat and corridor.

  • Rare, Endangered or Threatened (RET) species from the Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest and other floristic zones of south India  are represented in the EMF

    Species Composition

    Medicinal Plants - 357

    Live Hedge - 57

    Demo garden 189

    Nonmedicinal - 128

    RET Species 20




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