On the 19th October the Study Circle
met at the SAWCHU building, and 11 persons attended. We were
happy to see Mr Chamanlal Gupta among us.
Piero brought a seemingly dry subject
to the meeting: that of Rules & Regulations for Open Spaces
in Cities. He presented a research work published in Rome 1967
that was based upon studies of several European cities. The
standards established by this research work are still in effect
in Italy today. However, Italian standards are below European
The open spaces in cities are
classified as Park areas in four categories:
1. Small or neighbourhood parks
2. City parks
3. Spaces for sports, games,
4. Social and cultural activities,
libraries, services etc.
These fall within two groups, city
level and zone level park areas. The following standards are for
new developments on zone level:
a) Small parks m2 3.0
b) Sports m2 3.0
c) Games m2 2.0
d) Playground for children m2 2.0
e) Primary schools m2 6.0
f) Social, cultural activities m2 2.0
g) Streets and parking for the above m2 2.0
m2 20.00 per resident.
The Auroville Masterplan is
projecting a population of 40.000 in the Residential zone in
Auroville, i.e. 20 m2 per individual would then amount to 80
The question was raised whether the
Green Belt (in spite of the zoning regulations) could fulfill
some of the functions of these open spaces with specific uses, -
sports, for instance. But the reality of the Green Belt areas
along the Residential Zone is that there already exist several
settlements, and, for the future, also a a Service Area is
projected there, as well as a traffic node and a cemetery.
The Outer Ring road is also projected to carry heavy traffic and
cuts off the Residential Zone from the Green Belt in such a way that it won't be
suitable for children to cross freely.
According to the Italian standards,
city level park areas should not be further than 1000 mtr
distance from residential areas, and zone level park areas should not be
further away than 300 mtr from residential areas.